The Swiss surnames or last names mostly have an occupational origin, representing the profession of an individual. It is also common to see surnames, which are shorter forms of personal names. Swiss surnames thus have an assortment of origins.
In this MomJunction post, we share a list of popular Swiss surnames with their interesting meanings and source. Thus, Ammann may be indicative of individuals who originally worked as administrators. Brunner may have been a toponymic name referring to individuals residing beside a well or a spring or a fountain.
Baumann has an early medieval German origin, and may have represented a status name for a peasant. Baumgartner may also have a toponymic origin, representing individuals who originally lived in a place called Baumgarten, a town in Germany.
Buhler thus has a toponymic origin and likely referred to those who lived on, or adjacent, a hill. The surname, thus, has a toponymic origin, indicative of people who dwell by a beech tree or beech tree forest. It has a toponymic origin, representing individuals who dwell in the hills or mountains. This surname is derived from the personal name Pierre, which is the French form of Peter.
It is either a toponymic name referring to someone who lived near a bridge or an occupational name for someone who worked as a bridge-keeper. It is a toponymic name referring to someone who originally belonged to the village of Elmer, located in the Glarus region of Switzerland. Fuchs may have been used as a nickname for a person who was cunning, crafty, or sly. The surname may have also served as a pet name for an individual with red hair.
Furrer is a toponymic Swiss surname. The name may have referred to someone who lived by a capture house or who looked after a capture house. The name would have been a title to those originally came from aristocratic families. It may also have been a surname for those who served royal families.
It is a modified form of the name Geissler. Hess has a toponymic origin and referred to individuals who originally came from the region called Hesse in Germany.
Hunziker has a toponymic origin, representing an individual from places called Hunzikon and Huntziken in Switzerland.Tswana People Change If incorrect, please navigate to the appropriate directory location. See more testimonials Submit your own.
Home Teacher Resources. Get 10 Days Free. Showing 1 - of resources. Lesson Planet. For Students 7th - 9th. In this Case Study: Bantu-Speaking Peoples worksheet, students answer questions about Bantu migrations, their culture, and their impact on Africa. Get Free Access See Review.
For Students 9th - 10th. In this migration worksheet, students answer questions about how the Bantu adapted their skills to the environment, and how they have helped to shape the culture of Africa.
For Teachers 9th - 11th. Use the Bantu tribe of Africa to better understand why people migrate. This case study provides simple vocabulary and questions that focus on the causes and effects of African migration. Note: Adobe presenter is required to open this For Students 8th - 10th.
Focus your attention on Bantu Migration. Answer 5 different questions to better understand why particular populations choose to migrate to new places.
Referenced is the use of lesson notes, students will need background knowledge to For Students 8th - Higher Ed Standards. The East African island group has a complicated political history, with 20 coups since declaring independence. The people groups of Comoros are just as complex, reflecting ancestry from Bantu peoples, Asian groups, and Europeans. A video For Students 6th - 7th. In this thinking skills worksheet, students read a quote from Bantu Proverb and then write what they think it means on the lines.
Students also try to provide an example of how they can or do apply the quote to their own life. For Students 7th - 12th. In this refugee worksheet, students tell partners stories without talking or writing to try to imagine communication for Somali Bantu refugees in the United States.
Students then respond to 6 short answer questions based on the experience.Distribution of the 52, articles in different language editions as of 18 April ;  the majority of the articles in Swedish, Cebuano, and Waray were created by Lsjbot.
Each Wikipedia has a code, which is used as a subdomain below wikipedia. Interlanguage links are sorted by that code. Wikipedias also vary by how thinly they slice dialects and variants; for example, the English Wikipedia includes most modern varieties of English American English, British English, Indian English, South African English, etc. Additionally, Wikipedias vary in orthography at times. Chinese Wikipedia automatically translates from modern Mandarin Chinese into five standard forms: Mainland China and Singapore in simplified Chinese characters, and Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macau in traditional Chinese characters.
The table below lists the language editions of Wikipedia roughly sorted by the number of active users registered users who have made at least one edit in the last thirty days ; in particular, the "power of ten" of the count of active users i. Script names are listed as their ISO codes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia list article. Cebuano Swedish 7. German 4. French 4. Dutch 3. Russian 3. Polish 2. Waray 2. Vietnamese 2. Japanese 2. Chinese 2. Other Retrieved 3 July Retrieved 9 March Censorship Conflict-of-interest editing Criticism gender bias ideological bias racial bias Deletionism and inclusionism MediaWiki Notability Reliability Vandalism Predictions of the project's end.
Bomis Logo Controversies U. List Category. List of Wikipedias by article count. German French Dutch. Dinka Cree. Hidden categories: Articles with short description Articles containing potentially dated statements from April All articles containing potentially dated statements Articles containing Spanish-language text Use dmy dates from September Namespaces Article Talk.
Image: Brand South Africa. South Africa is a multilingual country. Its democratic Constitutionwhich came into effect on 4 Februaryrecognises 11 official languages, to which the state guarantees equal status.
Besides the official languages, scores of others — African, European, Asian and more — are spoken in South Africa, as the country lies at the crossroads of southern Africa. There are also a few indigenous creoles and pidgins.
But it only ranks fourth out of 11 as a home language. Maar why benga stopi this system ye-injury time? But why is this system of injury time not phased out? According to the censusZulu is the mother tongue of Sotho is the mother tongue of 7. Additionally, 0. Most South Africans are multilingual, able to speak more than one language. Most South Africans speak English, which is fairly ubiquitous in official and commercial public life.
Zulu, Xhosa, Swati and Ndebele are collectively referred to as the Nguni languages, and have many similarities in syntax and grammar. But as groupings and clans broke up in search of autonomy and greener pastures for their livestock, variations of the common languages evolved.
The languages you will hear most frequently spoken in South Africa depend on where in the country you are. The dominant language in the different regions of South Africa.
The map does not indicate the number of language speakers, simply the language most commonly spoken. So, while Afrikaans dominates the Northern Cape, that province is sparsely populated, so the actual number of Afrikaans speakers is limited. Similarly, KwaZulu-Natal is densely populated, so there are a great many isisZulu speakers in the province.
Afrikaans is the third most common language in South Africa. According to the census, it is spoken by The language has its roots in 17th century Dutch, with influences from English, Malay, German, Portuguese, French and some African languages.
One of the first works of written Afrikaans was Bayaan-ud-djynan Islamic tract written in Arabic script by Abu Bakr. Initially known as Cape Dutch, Afrikaans was largely a spoken language for people living in the Cape, with proper Dutch the formal, written language. Afrikaans came into its own with the growth of Afrikaner identity, being declared an official language — with English — of the Union of South Africa in The language was promoted alongside Afrikaner nationalism after and played an important role in minority white rule in apartheid South Africa.
Afrikaans is spoken mainly by white Afrikaners, coloured South Africans and sections of the black population. Although the language has European roots, today the majority of Afrikaans-speakers are not white. In Gauteng Slang may be all things to all people.
According to the American poet Carl Sandburgslang is "language which takes off its coat, spits on its hands - and goes to work. The problem for learners of English is to know when or when not to use slang. Many people condemn slang, but in fact we all use it. The trick is to use slang in the right context.
For the learner, perhaps the first thing to remember is that slang is normally spoken, not written. The second thing is that you may wish to learn slang so that you can understand it when you hear it, but not necessarily to use it. Offensive slang These words should be used with care. Although they are not particularly "hot", they can be offensive to the person they are applied to.
For example, if you call somebody an "airhead", that person could be insulted although anybody listening would not be shocked. Vulgar slang Vulgar slang words should be used with extreme care. In general we recommend that non-native speakers do not use this language. If used inappropriately, you could easily shock both the person you are talking to and anyone listening.
You could cause resentment and anger. Taboo slang In general, taboo words are the most shocking in the language and should be avoided. We recommend that non-native speakers do not use this language. As with vulgar slang, you could easily shock both the person you are talking to and anyone listening. You could cause extreme resentment and anger, with unpredictable results.
Tswana People Teacher Resources
Contributor: Matt Errey. Slang With example sentences, notes and quizzes What's this? About slang Slang Quizzes Teacher's Notes.Names of the months in Setswana by El-Bee-Em - Learn about Setswana - South African Language
About slang Slang is a type of language consisting of words and phrases that are: considered to be very informal more common in speech than in writing typically restricted to a particular context or group of people Slang may be all things to all people. The origin of the word "slang" is unknown. Slang register Offensive slang These words should be used with care. Offensive slang.Tswana Setswana is spoken in Botswana and South Africa. Setswana Info wiki - A Tswana reference for residents of Botswana.
Tswana phrasebook. Dumela One person Dumelang More than one person Dumela Rra - when addressing a man, Dumela Borra - when addressing men, more than one Dumela Mma - when addressing a woman m Dumela Bomma - when addressing women, more than one Hello.
Fine, thank you. Nice to meet you. Excuse me. I'm sorry. Is there someone here who speaks English? Look out! Good morning. Moso o itumedisang Good evening. Problems [ edit ] Leave me alone. Don't touch me! I'll call the police. I need your help. It's an emergency. I'm lost.
I lost my bag. I lost my wallet. I'm sick. I've been injured. I need a doctor. Can I use your phone?
Where are there a lot of Can you show me on the map? Take me there, please. Does the room come with May I see the room first? Do you have anything quieter? OK, I'll take it. Do you have a safe? Please clean my room. I want to check out. Do you accept British pounds? Do you accept Euros?English is the official language of Botswana, while Setswana is the most widely spoken language in the country.
Several other minority languages, especially Bantu languages, are also spoken in Botswana. English serves as the official language of Botswana. The language is widely used for written communication and is also the language of business, administration, and education. Most of the residents of the country have a working knowledge of English. About 2. The Setswana language, also known as Tswana, is spoken widely in Botswana and other parts of Southern Africa.
The Bantu language is a member of the Niger—Congo language family. Tswana serves as the lingua franca in Botswana. It is spoken by most of the population of the nation. However, since most written communication in the country is in English, Tswana is mainly used as a spoken language.
The Kalanga people in Zimbabwe and Botswana speak the Kalanga language. It serves as the native language of about 7. The Bantu language of Kgalagadi, also known as Kalahari, is spoken by about 40, people in Botswana and Namibia. In Botswana, Kgalagadi speakers account for about 3. The language is also spoken in Zimbabwe, South Africa, and Mozambique. Speakers of the language are mainly found in Zimbabwe.
Only about 1. The language is also spoken in Namibia where it is a national languageZambia, and Angola. Oishimaya is an Indian native, currently residing in Kolkata. She has earned her Ph.
She is an avid reader and travel enthusiast and is sensitively aware of her surroundings, both locally and globally. She loves mingling with people of eclectic cultures and also participates in activities concerning wildlife conservation.
All rights reserved. A street sign in Botswana. Official Language of Botswana English serves as the official language of Botswana. What Languages are Spoken in Botswana? This page was last updated on August 1, By Oishimaya Sen Nag. Your Chicago Citation Copy to Clipboard. Your Harvard Citation Remember to italicize the title of this article in your Harvard citation. Copy to Clipboard. Load comments.
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